I recently confirmed something, that I had previously only suspected. That there were two Motte and Bailey castles in the area of Cheekpoint dating to the Norman conquest. One we know for certain was on the land of Phil Gough in Faithlegg. The other however is a matter of conjecture on my part.
Firstly the confirmation. It comes from no greater source that Canon Power of the Placenames of the Déise fame. In this case however, it is a lesser know publication(1) that I came across in the county archives in Dungarvan. The book was written as a support to national school teachers and in it he is definitive: “The timber crowned motes, or bretasches, were succeded in a short time by stone castles, but examples of the mote may still be seen at Cheekpoint, Faithlegg, Killure (near Tramore) Tybroghney, Feddins, Dungarvan, Pembrokestown, Ring, Lismore, Garryduff(near Youghal etc)” I’ve included the entire list, in case it might be useful to others.
|The Mount Tower 1960s, note the small hill surrounding it|
|The tower in the 1950s from the river.|
Further to this criteria, you might expect a Motte and Bailey site to be elevated. The only such site I am aware of in the village is the present site of what we know locally as the Mount Tower.
The tower is on a small mound, certainly nothing compared to the Faithlegg site, but unlike the Faithlegg site, it has been used for other purposes. According to local tradition the present building is a folly, attached to a previously sited Georgian house which was knocked in the 1950s. It was certainly a fine location for such a building, although its quite an elaborate build, including fireplaces on both floors and presumably an internal stairs. I had speculated previously that it may have had a signalling purpose, something that as a theory has some merit, but as yet little by way of proof. James Doherty has provided evidence(3) that the site was the location of a battery as early as the 1600’s and it was certainly a vantage point and had a military presence during the Napoleonic wars.
|Although now surrounded by trees and undergrowth, this may give a sense of its
strategic value looking directly across at Great Island
|The view from the door of the Mount Tower, looking NW,
including Cheekpoint and meeting of the Three Sisters
Is it possible then that the Mount Tower folly far from being, in design, a figment of someones imagination, was in fact an attempt to locate a symbolic recreation of a previous fort and/or castle? Its certainly possible. Sometimes all we can do in these situations is to pose a working hypothesis in the hope of either proving or disproving it. Until more facts come to light I believe it is the most logical site for such a building in the area. Its strategically relevant and useful, its located on an easily defended outcrop, the site is already elevated naturally and there is evidence of a mound, and the area has seen significant developments which may have altered or reduced the evidence. If anyone had extra information or theories I would be delighted to hear it either in the comments box or by my other social media options.
(1) Rev P.Power. A Short History of County Waterford. 1933. The Waterford News, Ltd.
(2) Byrne. N. The Irish Crusade. 2007. Linden. Dublin
(3) McEnery, J.H. Fortress Ireland, The story of the Irish Coastal Forts and River Shannon Defense Line. 2006. Wordwell. Dublin
7 Replies to “Cheekpoint Castle”
Another great post and thanks for the 'mench 🙂 🙂
All because of Barfluer 🙂
Via Simon Dowling on Facebook
You're onto some there Andrew.. As there's two points in that 14th century mention that don't quite fit with faithlegg motte and point more towards a second site. Firstly the motte mentioned was deserted in the 14th century, while we know Faithlegg was likely continuously occupied up until the 17th century. Also that Regininald apparently set chains from his castle site across to Dunbrody to impede the invasion fleet coming up the river, so really points to a riverside location, and "The Mount" is more or less at the narrowest spot aross from Dunbrody, while Faithlegg is inland.
Another point from Simon
If you look at the position of these sites it could well be a snapshot of the military strategy during the Norman Conquest of the area.. RenaudesCastle may have been built as a garrison against the Norman occupation of Waterford, a way of tackling supply from the Water. While Faithlegg motte may have been subsequently created to cut off Renaudescastle from being supplied by land, being centrally positioned on the peninsula (or as a means to prevent a Renadescastle from being refortified following it's defeat). Possibly an interesting story to unfold there..
Really interesting article! So much to ponder. Keep these posts coming Andrew!
Happy to, thanks
Via Michael O'Sullivan on twitter
Doesn't support my argument, highlights there being no record at Cheekpoint